Main information:

Trausnitz Castle

Chronological table

1150-1200

"Lanthut, Landeshute" first mentioned in documents

1180-1183

Duke Otto I von Wittelsbach

1183-1231

Duke Ludwig I, the "Kelheimer"

1231-1253

Duke Otto II, the Illustrious

1204

Building of the castle and the town begins (according to Hermann von Niederaltaich) and extension continues until around 1235.

The first sections of Trausnitz Castle to be built are the Wittelsbach Tower, the gateway building, the Great Hall and the castle chapel.

1255-1340

After the first Bavarian land partition in 1255, the castle becomes the residence and seat of government of the duchy of Lower Bavaria
Duke Heinrich XIII (1253-1290); Old Knight's Hall, Bower?, fortifications
Duke Otto III (1290-1312; together with Ludwig III and Stephan I)
Duke Otto IV (1312-1334)
Duke Johann I, the Child (1334-1340)

1340-1392

Reunification of the Bavarian duchies
Ludwig IV, the Bavarian, Roman Emperor from 1328 (1340-1347)
Stephan II (1347-1375)
Friedrich (1375-1393)

1392-1503

After the 3rd Bavarian land partition in 1392, the castle became the residence and seat of government of the dukes of Bavaria-Landshut
Heinrich XVI the Rich (1393-1450)
Ludwig IX the Rich (1450-1479)
Georg the Rich (1479-1503)

New Bower, New Knights' Hall, Princes' Building, addition of a second upper floor, kitchen building, Old Tower Terrace, raising of the gateway building, upper floors and roof of the Wittelsbach Tower, Deep Well, raising of the ring wall, new fortifications.

1503

Landshut War of Succession
Lower Bavaria falls to the Dukes of Bavaria-Munich, Munich becomes the seat of government; succession is regulated by the primogeniture law of Duke Albrecht IV in 1506 in favour of the first-born son.

1508-1550

Duke Wilhelm IV

1516-1545

Duke Ludwig X, brother of Wilhelm IV, governor of Landshut and Straubing, in residence in Landshut

Furnishing of the rooms, vaulting of the chapel, St George Knights' Hall, two-storey passageway between the court kitchen and New Knights' Hall, tower terrace and tower terrace stairs, Chaplain's Building (Pfaffenstöckl), wine cellar

1536-1543: The Landshut Town Residence is built

1545-1550

Landshut is the residence of Prince Albrecht (V)

1550-1579

Duke Albrecht V
New castellan's apartment, completion of the wine cellar

1568-1579

Court of Prince Wilhelm (V)
Major extensions, functional buildings in the outer courtyard, pleasure gardens, pavilion, Italian Extension with Fools' Staircase, arcade passage, painting of the rooms

1579-1597

Duke Wilhelm V

1598-1651

Duke Maximilian I, elector from 1623
Swedish occupation in 1632 (King Gustav Adolf) and 1634 (Duke Bernhard von Weimar); removal of the functional buildings (Schwedenwiese / Swedish Meadow); explosion disaster

1651-1679

Elector Ferdinand Maria
Improvement and extension of the wall paintings

1680-1799

Electors
Max Emanuel
(1680-1726), 
Karl Albrecht
(1726-1745, Emperor Karl VII from 1742),
Max III Joseph
(1745-1777), 
Karl Theodor
(1777-1799)

In 1703 Trausnitz Castle became a barracks and internment camp, from 1762-1771 a manufactory of woollen goods and silk, then the bursary registry (state archives).  

Division of the White Hall, removal of further functional buildings from the outer courtyard, fortifications fall into ruins

1799-1918

Elector Max IV. Joseph (1799-1825, King of Bavaria from 1806),
King Ludwig I.
(1825-1848),
King Maximilian II.
(1848-1864),
King Ludwig II. (1864-1886),
Prince Regent Luitpold (1886-1912), 
King Ludwig III. (1912-1918)

The castle is a military hospital in 1806 and 1813, a cholera hospital in 1831, and in 1866 a military hospital again.

Initial preservation and restoration work in 1849; accommodation for Ludwig II on the 2nd upper floor, Chapel redesigned in the romantic style 1869-1873

seit 1918

Free State of Bavaria
Initially administered by the State Archives, subsequently by the Bavarian Palace Department

21.10.1961

Fire disaster

The interior of the Princes' Building is destroyed. Preservation and restoration work is begun immediately.

1966

The Princes' Building is handed over to the Landshut State Archives

1968 / 1970

Opening of the restored ground floor rooms and the Chapel

Opening of the restored upper floor rooms

1975

Restoration of the White Hall and opening of the castle restaurant

2004

Opening of the new entrance and cash desk area on the ground floor of the former Ladies' Apartments (Damenstock)

Opening of the Chamber of Art and Curiosities in the Damenstock as a branch of the Bavarian National Museum Munich

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